Medicare’s 50th Anniversary – Remember When
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Medicare’s 50th Anniversary: Remember When

Fifty years ago, on July 30th, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Medicare and Medicaid Bill into law as part of his “Great Society” initiative. Public Law 89–97 amended the Social Security Act by adding Titles XVIII for Medicare and XIX for Medicaid. This historic signing took place at the Truman Presi­dential Library in Indepen­dence, Missouri to honor former President Harry Truman. During his political career, President Truman was a strong advocate for national health insurance and he received the very first Medicare card.

How has Medicare changed life for seniors in this country?1

Health insurance — In 1962, approx­i­mately 51% of all persons over the age of 65 had private health insurance; 49% did not. Today, 99.9% of all Americans over the age of 65 have health insurance through Medicare.

Cost of Health Insurance for Seniors — In 1962, a Blue Cross “state 65″ insurance plan cost $600 per year or approx­i­mately 25% of a senior’s 1962 $2,875 annual income. More than 25% of all seniors went without medical care due to health insurance costs. Today, the vast majority of Americans over 65 pay a much more modest percentage of their monthly Social Security benefit for Medicare Part B. Medicare Part A is free.

Life expectancy — Life expectancy of a 65 year old increased from 79.3 years in 1965 to 83.6 years in 2007.

Poverty — Before Medicare, 33% of all seniors were living in poverty. Today, less than half that number, or 14%, live in poverty.

There have been other social benefits. In 1965 any hospital wishing to accept Medicare was required to deseg­regate. As a result, over 1000 hospitals integrated staff and patients in 4 months. In 1985 any hospital that partic­i­pated in Medicare and had an ER was required to provide basic stabi­lizing treatment to all regardless of insurance status.

There have been other enhance­ments to Medicare since its intro­duction 50 years ago.2

1972    Disability coverage for those under 65 provided

1980    Improved access to home care

1982    Hospice coverage added

1992    Medicare Supplement Insurance plans are standardized

2006    Prescription Drug plans added

Medicare has been a boon to the health and well-being of seniors and the disabled in our nation. Just remember when it wasn’t so.


1
Mimms G. Life Before Medicare. 2012. Available at: Website not currently online. Accessed: June 29, 2015.

2Center for Medicare Advocacy